TREE OF KNOWLEDGE AND IT’S OFFSHOOTS
What emanates from mind is knowledge. Offshoots of knowledge, good or bad, are perception, superstitions and fallacies. At a different level of Tree of knowledge are offshoots of Misconceptions, biases and prejudices. People consider them in the negative sense. Why I consider them in the positive sense ‘The Branches of Knowledge’? Because, people infected with misconceptions, biases and prejudices, don’t take them as such. They consider them as the part and parcel of their very-sound-body-of-knowledge! Had they been considering them negative, they would have got rid of these vices.
For understanding misconceptions, first we should understand conception and perception. Seeing is believing. So also, perceiving is more than believing or conceiving is rather creating.
For understanding these (negative) offshoots of the Tree of Knowledge, one should first understand the Trunk of the Tree of Knowledge. Reading of the following posts of this blog may serve the purpose;
See Knowledge With All Its Branches
Know about the Perception Most Important
Extension of Knowledge.
Know about Superstitions i.e. False Knowledge
to separate it from the True Knowledge
Getting Rid of Fallacies
DEFINITIONS OF PERCEPTION AND CONCEPTION
Misconceptions|Cognitive-Biases|Prejudices are Fundamental Concepts for Understanding Humans With Their Attitudinal Issues With a High Degree of Precision.
Etymological is The Best Approach for Knowing the Meaning of Terms.Comparing the Sufix con- and the Suffix per- we can safely discern the difference in the Meaning.First, one perceives. If the perceiving is after one’s heart A Visual gets hosted permanently in the inner chamber of one’s mind juxtaposing A Landing in the inner recesses of one’s heart and soul. After enjoying the hospitality in the portals of one’s subjectivity, the perception converts into conception. This is how an extraction of meaning in the character of embryo conceived in the womb goes home to the mother nature.
MIND-BOGGLING REVELATION REGARDING PERCEPTION AND CONCEPTION
Under the title ‘We conceive what we Perceive’ Charles Mitchley makes breathtaking revelations. He counts Perceiving-cum-Conceiving one of the Greatest Mysteries of Creation. Perceiving leads us to conceiving through which we can Create our own Realities. He states that Every conception unless it is aborted – leads to a birth.
Read a Thought-Provoking Artilce on We Conceive what we Perceive
MISCONCEPTION AND MISPERCEPTION
Perceiving is just seeing. As seeing is believing. So also perceiving is just believing. Seeing is used for common objects and perceiving is used for conceptual things.
Conceiving is processing of an observation through mind. Mind, playing the role of one’s subjective.
self, adds an individualistic bias to the observation caught by the eyes.
A LIST OF MISCONCEPTIONS
In society Misconceptions are found about almost everything. It includes misconceptions regarding Food and cooking, Legislation and crime, Sports, Religion,Music, Literature. Here is a Correction list of Misconceptions which is not stated but rather implied only.
Cognition, An Abstract Noun, means understanding ( a gerund i.e. a verbal noun). A Bias means slant, an inclination, a slope, a declivity. I read in electronics that there is bias between the current on the three electrodes of a Transistor i.e. base, emitter and collector, for enabling the transistor to conduct.
So the cognitive bias means viewing or understanding things and then expressing or describing them by adding an individualistic tinge, coloring or adjunct
CLASSIFICATION OF COGNITIVE BIASES
Tendencies to think in certain set traditional patterns lets loose whims and caprice. These aberrations from rationality are studied in psychology, behavioral Economics. Existence of these biases has been confirmed and demonstrated beyond any shadow of doubt through Exhaustive Research. But problem comes when we have to classify these biases.
You May See A List of Cognitive Biases Here
MOST IMPORTANT COGNITIVE BIASES
In spite of great strength of human brain unequaled even by the latest computer. But cognitive biases springing from subjective and selfish nature of human mind downplay the resultant potential as low as surpassed by an inferior type of calculator in mathematical calculations. And also, in the cases when memory is involved.
But we must be able to distinguish between a logical fallacy and a Cognitive Bias. Logical fallacy is on account of wrong argumentation. But a Cognitive Bias is caused by miscalculation, a false sense of probability rooted in a genuine deficiency in our capacity of thinking. Cognitive biases are sometime viewed as playing a positive role in certain emergent situations as cited by some Social psychologists. However a handy knowledge of cognitive biases is essential for steering clear of certain untoward situations resulting from unwholesome conclusions .
The Prefix Pre means in Advance and the Suffix -judice means judging. Prejudice means prejudging about somebody or something. It usually comes built-in and invariably with reference to past happenings.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF PREJUDICE
The prefix ‘Pre’ means in Advance, -judice means in Judging. In this way prejudice means judging in advance. The Prejudice implies Having a Negative or Bad Opinion regarding a social, religious or a geographical group.Much exaggeration is used against a group disliked by another group.There are following different types of prejudices:
- Gender prejudice
- Radical, Ethnic or Minority Prejudice
- Immigrants, Refugees and Gypsy Populations
- Age prejudice
- Sexual Orientation prejudice
- Class Prejudice
- Disability Prejudice
EXAMPLES OF PREJUDICES
Examples of Prejudices are in legion. Religious Prejudices are most rampant in India e.g. Hindus against Muslim; Hindus Against Christians and Also Hindus Against Sikhs. Manifestations of Racial Prejudices were once amok in USA, e.g. White’s Prejudice Against Blacks. They Even built separate churches for Black People. Though prejudice against blacks is on the wane, but still glaring examples of Prejudices are off and on.
See Here 21 Examples History and 7 Exmaples from Movie
See Another List of Most Common Prejudices for the Sake of Comparison